Water Damage and Improving Indoor Air Quality
BY Lori Smith
March 31, 2021
This post is written by guest blogger Faith Ashenden, the face behind That Healing Feeling, a new mom, and holistic wellness advocate. Faith's fellow Texans and surrounding neighbors were impacted by extreme weather. Many experienced flooding, which can lead to mold and compromised air quality. Learn what steps Faith is taking to improve her indoor air quality.
The recent Texas freeze is, at this point, widely known for the damage it caused in homes throughout the region. The weather in Austin, where I live, is typically mild, between 43 and 97 degrees. Infrastructure here is built to keep buildings and structures cold in the summer, with pipes dug shallowly and mainly running through attics. As a result, the plummeting temperatures caused pipes to freeze and burst in hundreds of homes. The damage to homes were largely reported, but even now that the sun is shining, and the hardest time has passed, residents are still dealing with the detrimental effect of indoor water damage to their air quality and health.
Mold and mildew can be very harmful to the respiratory system and exposure can lead to flu- and cold-like symptoms; it can exacerbate existing conditions and can be deadly if contact is long-term. In my home, we use a Medify Air purifier to help freshen, sanitize, and purify the air we breathe every day. However, I also now realize that prior to recent events and my subsequent research, I did not know enough about other ways to improve the quality of indoor air, the terrible health effects of mold and mildew in my home, or the other sources of water damage and how to handle it.
What are some other sources of water damage?
While most of Austin is dealing with burst pipes and/or flooding, there are many other forms of water damage that can occur in the home. Storming and heavy rain waters are most common, but any issues with plumbing can cause irreparable damage as well. Leaking or bursting pipes, backups in toilets, showers, or sinks, and any buildup in low pipe areas can not only expose your home to damage but may also cause to sewer backups in your yard. The crawlspace under your home, poor insulation and/or an unchecked leak in your attic, or less-frequently visited corners of your basement can also be hotspots for ongoing water damage and mold growth.
Other, less known sources of water overflow can be HVAC units, and malfunctioning household appliances such as bursting hot water tanks and washing machines. If you experience any of these, I recommend contacting a water damage restoration company to fully assess the damage, and help you plot a course for repair. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) warns that mold can start to grow in as little as two days after an interior space gets wet. The growth is tenfold if the space remains wet for any additional length of time. The EPA suggests the use of an N-95 mask at a minimum, goggles, other protective equipment, and to cleanup mold entirely before occupying the home after it is subject to water damage.
What are the health risks of mold?
Mold can grow in any temperature and on any surface. Not only will it destroy your property and personal possessions, but it is also detrimental to your health. First and foremost, your respiratory system can be deeply harmed by mold spores that float through the air and contaminate your air quality. It can cause breathing problems, intensify asthma and allergies, and even cause aspergillosis in some people.
Aspergillosis is a condition caused directly from the inhalation of certain types of mold spores. It can cause its own set of diseases such as allergic aspergillus sinusitis, fungus ball of aspergilloma, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Effects of aspergillosis can be weight loss, headache, breathing problems or difficulty breathing, and a blood-producing cough. Other conditions caused by the inhalation of mold are chronic rhinosinusitis, bronchitis, allergic fungal sinusitis, allergic alveolitis, or hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Long-term effects of mold exposure includes memory loss, anxiety, insomnia, confusion, depression, trouble concentrating, and life-threatening primary and secondary infections, especially in immune-compromised patients.
What can we do to improve indoor air quality?
- My very first recommendation is to purchase a Medify Air purifier. They offer a product for nearly every price range and spaces. One neat thing the company does is offer a subscription service for replacement filters, which is a huge help if you are like me and are constantly trying to keep on top of a million other things. Medify Air remembers which device you purchased and sends you the correct filter to fit your purifier at regular intervals, so that is one thing off my plate, and I love it.
Home air quality is obviously important, but Medify Air has been trusted in schools in businesses for years, and meets the standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO recommends that “to effectively remove airborne particular matter a High-Efficiency Particulate Arrestance or HEPA filter with a rating of at least H13 of above is needed. Medify Air purifiers are rated at H13, removing 99.9% of particles down to 0.1 micron. These are the products I use, and they receive my highest recommendation.
- Keep your home clean and let the fresh air in. According to Harvard Health, one of the best, free ways to improve indoor air quality is to keep our home clean, which reduces allergens, animal dander, and other particulate contaminants that cause irritation to our respiratory systems. Frequent vacuuming of rugs and other upholsteries, changing linens, bedding, and drapes regularly, and clearing clutter where dust collects are all ways to reduce immune responses to allergens and create a healthier home.
To take this tip a step further, use a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter and open your windows to keep any kicked-up contaminants from settling again on your home’s surfaces. Finally, depending on your style and preferences, hard-surface flooring collects less dust, provides for easy cleaning, and you can even opt for area rugs that can be tossed in your washer and dryer. (The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology states it is best to wash in water that is at least 130 degrees.)
- Introduce plants to your indoor space. Indoor plants can remove pollutants such a carbon monoxide, benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene from the air. Plants such as English Ivy, Bamboo Palm, Chinese Evergreen, and Peace Lily’s are all touted as excellent choices for recycling indoor air and producing. Plants not only invite green nature inside, but have also been known to improve mood, reduce stress, fatigue, sore throats, and colds, and also, give privacy and reduce noise levels.
Do a little research on what you choose, however. For example, the Peace Lily droops when it needs water, making it easy to care for, and is superior in its ability to fight toxic gases such as carbon monoxide and formaldehyde, but it is also considered mildly toxic to humans and pets. In this case, you will just want to remember to keep your plant off the ground if you have pets and/or kids and to wash your hands after touching and/or preparing food.
For me personally, the use of my Medify Air purifier gives me peace of mind that the air inside my home is safe, clean, and is not causing any damage to me or my family. The recent events in Texas really shed light on the risks of water damage to our indoor air quality, and from there I began to realize that this is a problem that can exist outside of these one-time events! Mold-causing water damage can come from many sources, and I want to be aware of the different places in my home I should be keeping an eye on so that I do not fear the health effects of mold and poor air quality. If you are interested in how I put this information into practice, you can follow me on Instagram @thathealingfeeling, and I will post how I integrate these air quality-improving tips into my daily life.